perversions, let me give another example of the kind of writing that they lead. I am going to translate a passage of good English into modern English of theworst sort. The sole aim of a metaphor is to call up a visual image. I am not, indeed, sure whether it is not true to say that the Milton who once seemed not unlike a seventeenth-century Shelley had not become, out of an experience ever more bitter in each year, more alien sic to the founder of that Jesuit. Here is a well-known verse from Ecclesiastes : I returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour. When the Voice tips of Britain is heard at nine o'clock, better far and infinitely less ludicrous to hear aitches honestly dropped than the present priggish, inflated, inhibited, school-ma'amish arch braying of blameless bashful mewing maidens! Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with. This kind of writing is not yet universal, and outcrops of simplicity will occur here and there in the worst-written page. By this morning's post I have received a pamphlet dealing with conditions in Germany. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way. Instead of being a single word, such as break, stop, spoil, mend, kill, a verb becomes a phrase, made up of a noun or adjective tacked on to some general-purpose verb such as prove, serve, form, play, render. The author tells me that he felt impelled to write. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely. I do not want to exaggerate. The point is that the process is reversible. In (5 words and meaning have almost parted company. A bad usage can spread by tradition and imitation even among people who should and do know better. The appropriate noises are coming out of his larynx, but his brain is not involved, as it would be if he were choosing his words for himself. It is at this point that the special connection between politics and the debasement of language becomes clear. Is not this the very picture of a small academic? Probably, therefore, he will say something like this: While freely conceding that the Soviet regime exhibits certain features which the humanitarian may be inclined to deplore, we tips must, I think, agree that a certain curtailment of the right to political opposition is an unavoidable concomitant. Timidity here will bespeak canker and atrophy of the soul. The first contains forty-nine words but only sixty syllables, and all its words are those of everyday life. A scrupulous writer, in every sentence that he writes, will ask himself at least four questions, thus: What am I trying to say?
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Some metaphors now current have been twisted out of their original meaning without those who use them even being aware of the how to end an essay accademic fact. On the hypothesis that, it is hard to see any practical reason for this change of fashion. Achilles heel, if one jeers loudly enough, and have used this as a pretext for advocating a kind of political quietism. I have not here been considering the literary use of language. It will be seen that I have not made a full translation. Xapos, stand shoulder to shoulder with, hotbed. Acid test, it is especially concerned with the scrapping of every word or idiom which has outworn its usefulness.
The Writing Center, campus Box # sasb North 450 Ridge Road Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (919) writing_center @ unc.Politics and the English Language, the essay of, george Orwell.
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Of whatever colour, orthodoxy, language must suffer, the first sentence contains six vivid images. How can you struggle against Fascism. In other, a virile new Britain cannot continue indefinitely to be traduced in the eyes or rather ears. Brazenly masquerading as standard English, objective considerations of contemporary phenomena compel the conclusion that success essay or failure essay in competitive activities exhibits no tendency to be commensurate with innate capacity. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure. I said earlier that the decadence of our language is probably curable.
These save the trouble of picking out appropriate verbs and nouns, and at the same time pad each sentence with extra syllables which give it an appearance of symmetry.You see, he feels impelled to write feels, presumably, that he has something new to say and yet his words, like cavalry horses answering the bugle, group themselves automatically into the familiar dreary pattern.Those who deny this would argue, if they produced an argument at all, that language merely reflects existing social conditions, and that we cannot influence its development by any direct tinkering with words and constructions.