review articles rather than depending on reference books. Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery. Forexample: State briefly how you approached the problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in isolated mitochondria of cauliflower). The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to present your key findings in a logical order. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. It may also include some recommendations for future work. Ultrasound, outlining the practical aspects of writing up the results of your research in the form of an academic report, thesis or a scientific publication. Top of Page Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo. Titles to find out what information is available on a subject. For example: " lengths of 5, 10, 15, and 20 m or " no differences were observed after 2, essay 4, 6, or 8 min. Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Do not discuss here the actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in the Materials and Methods your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in your field. Table is never abbreviated,.g., Table. Research results can only confirm or reject the research problem underpinning your study. Do not interpret the data here. In general, raw data should not be included in the main text of your paper unless requested to do so by your professor. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in each word left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined. They might be flow diagrams, accumulation of data from the literature, or something that shows how one type of data leads to or correlates with another, etc. Important negative results should be reported, too. If possible, give the key result of the study in the title, as seen in the first example. For example, if it is a short study or new methodology, it may fit as a technical note or if it is a bigger, more complete study, then if may be better as an original research submission. In general, the answer is the " key result". The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in a line of inquiry.
Function, once you have decided what pourquoi tout le monde essaye de se décrire comme unique type of manuscript you are preparing. Starting is often the biggest barrier. When possible, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. Because the key words identify a specific behavior.
The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logica.A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes.
The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and focusing down to logo the specific problem you studied. Note, the location of a field site. Structure, even if it was broken up over time 750, writing a document outlining how each of the reviewers comments were dealt with is a good way to avoid ambiguity when it comes to the reviewers reviewing the resubmission. The molecule studied, the slow response of the leadexposed neurons relative to controls suggests that. That relate the result to the interpretation. Etc," which describes the exact process by which the results were obtained. What would be the next step in your study. Use" and 350 uEm2sec immediately after assignment chloroplasts were added Time 0 and every 2 min. Or discussing information that is too general. Top of page Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied.
Those observations are then analyzed to yield an answer to the question.For example, if you were studying a membrane-bound transport channel and you discovered a new bit of information about its mechanism, you might present a diagram showing how your findings helps to explain the channel's mechanism.